Mammoth Lakes is a town in Mono County, California, the county's only incorporated community. It is located 9 miles.The population was 8,234 at the 2010 census, up from 7,093 at the 2000 census.According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 25.3 square miles, of which 24.9 sq mi are land, and 0.4 sq mi water.Mammoth Lakes resides on the edge of the Long Valley Caldera. The area around the town is geologically active, with hot springs and rhyolite domes that are less than 1000 years old.Visitors can take State Route 203 from the town of Mammoth Lakes to the Mammoth Mountain Ski Area, over Minaret Summit, then down to Devils Postpile National Monument, with access to the Ansel Adams Wilderness.The area has natural hot springs which are sometimes used after skiing. Other features include lakes, a soda springs, and an obsidian dome. Mammoth Lakes is north of the Owens Valley, a scenic area with extensive hiking opportunities.The town is surrounded by mountains: on the west, Mammoth Mountain looms over the town, while to the south, the Sherwin Range dominates the view. This hilly terrain and the high altitude makes the area great for high-altitude athletic training.The European history of Mammoth Lakes started in 1877, when four prospectors staked a claim on Mineral Hill, south of the current town, along Old Mammoth Road. In 1878, the Mammoth Mining Company was organized to mine Mineral Hill, which caused a gold rush. By the end of 1878, 1500 people settled in the mining camp called Mammoth City. By 1880, the company had shut down, and by 1888, the population declined to less than 10 people. By the early 1900s, the town of Mammoth was informally established near Mammoth Creek. The economics of the original town was based on logging and tourism.The first post office at Mammoth Lakes opened in 1923.In 2004, the Mammoth Ski Museum opened in town. The museum featured many vintage artifacts, photographs, and posters. A movie documenting the life of the founder of the ski resort and those of early famous skiers in the area is shown. In 2010, photographs taken by Dave McCoy were featured in an exhibit at the museum.Due to its high altitude, Mammoth Lakes has become popular among elite long-distance runners, who live and train in the thin air.The 2010 United States Census reported that Mammoth Lakes had a population of 8,234. The population density was 325.4 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Mammoth Lakes was 6,643 White, 29 African American, 49 Native American, 128 Asian, 5 Pacific Islander, 1,151 from other races, and 229 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,772 persons.The Census reported that 8,076 people lived in households, 158 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 were institutionalized.
There were 3,229 households, out of which 942 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,401 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 177 had a female householder with no husband present, 144 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 293 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 13 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 899 households were made up of individuals and 153 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50. There were 1,722 families; the average family size was 3.14.There were 9,626 housing units at an average density of 380.4 per square mile, of which 1,502 were owner-occupied, and 1,727 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 33.6%. 3,464 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,612 people lived in rental housing units.