Panjin is a prefecture-level city and a major oil production centre of Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, and is situated on the northern coast of Liaodong Bay of the Bohai Gulf. It borders Anshan to the northeast and east, Yingkou across the Liao River, as well as Jinzhou to the west and northwest. The city has an administrative area of 4,071 square kilometres, in which 1.28 million people reside.Panjin is located between 40° 40'−41°27' N and 121° 31'−122° 28' E. It has a continental climate with four distinct seasons and some maritime influence, an annual mean temperature of 9.2 °C and receives over 2700 hours of sunshine a year. The city sits on the open field between the Liaodong Peninsula and the western portion of Liaoning Province. The Shuangtaizi River, which diverts from the Liao River upstream from the city, runs through the city and flows into the Liaodong Bay. The Liao River serves as the border between Panjin and the city of Yingkou. The two other prefecture-level cities that borders Panjin are Jinzhou and Anshan.Shuangtaihekou State Natural Reserve, a marshland that serves as natural habitat to 321 species of animals. It also serves as one of the few breeding grounds for endangered birds such as the red-crowned crane and Saunders' Gull. Millions of birds of as much as 172 different species stop at the area during their migration, including more than 20 endangered species such as the red-crowned crane, Demoiselle Crane, white stork, black stork, white-fronted goose, whooper swan, and brown goshawk. On a special note, Panjin is also called "Home of the Cranes" for the above reasons.reed-grass beach and the clam mound.Red Seabeach.Hubin Park in Panshan, featuring the Liaohe Tablets. These stone tablets bear inscriptions of Chinese calligraphy by historical and contemporary artists.The main industries in Panjin include oil, petroleum refinery, tourism, and agriculture, primarily rice. The short grain rice of Panjin are of high quality and great taste. Panjin is also famed for its Chinese mitten crabs, a famous delicacy in Chinese cuisine. They can be processed into crab meat tofu and "drunken crab".